修订 Credits: Ike MA, Miguel Galante Updates: - 26/10/2019 The first version. - 6/11/2019 Added most of Spanish recording.
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This page contains languages as the following order:
Spanish (Argentina) Simplified Chinese Symbol Pīnyīn (The pronounciation of Chinese) English meaning matched for each Chinese word
Voice twice recorded by native speaker in Chinese.
Voice twice recorded by native speaker in Spanish.
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Querer 要 yào Want
Quiero 我 要 wŏ yào I want
Quiero almorzar 我 要 吃 午 饭 wŏ yào chī wǔ fàn I want to eat lunch
Quiero empezar a aprender chino 我 要 开 始 学 中 文 wŏ yào kaī shǐ xué zhōng wén I want to start learning Chinese
Voy a aprender chino 我 要 学 习 中 文 了 wŏ yào xué xí zhōng wén le I'm going to learn Chinese
le in the end means the action after
yào is going to be happend.
Even there are other ways of express a futre action, in Argentina we only use
voy a (
I'm going to) form of future.
Querés 你 要 nǐ yào You want
This is an particular way of talking of Argentina. In other countries will use
¿Querés almorzar? 你 要 吃 午 饭 吗？ nǐ yào chī wǔ fàn ma? Do you want to eat lunch?
In Chinese you just simply add
吗 ma in the end to transform a declarative sentence to
yes-no question. The answer is simply to use the verb in the question,
要 yào (Yes, I want to) or
不 bù + the verb.
But in this case it’s not very polite to directly say
不要 bú yào, in many cases
不要 bú yào means
do not do something. So you could say
不了 bù le no (for this time) or
不用 bú yòng no (it’s not necessary).
The tricky thing here is that in speaking Chinese,
不 actually pronounced
bù (fourth tone), it means
no and usually you can’t use it lonely, but if it combines with a fourth-tone symbol behind it, itself changed to
bú (second tone).
不 要 bú yào Do not (do this) / (I) don't want.
不 好 bù hǎo No / It's not good
The afirmative sentense
Querés almorzar (You want to lunch) it’s the same as the question form
Querés almorzar?, just changes the tone of the frase.
¿Querés empezar a aprender chino? 你 要 开 始 学 中 文 吗？ nǐ yào kaī shǐ xué zhōng wén ma? Do you want to start learning Chinese?
¿Vas a aprender chino? 你 要 学 习 中 文 了 吗？ nǐ yào xué xí zhōng wén le ma? Are you going to learn Chinese?
gustaría 想 xiǎng would like
te gustaría 你 想 nǐ xiǎng would you like
me gustaría 我 想 wǒ xiǎng I would like
te gustaría almorzar? 你 想 吃 午 饭 吗？ nǐ xiǎng chī wǔ fàn ma? You would like to eat lunch?
Qué 什么 shén me What
¿Qué querés tomar? 你 要 喝 什 么？ nǐ yào hē shén me? you want to drink what?
¿Qué querés comer? 你 要 吃 什 么？ nǐ yào chī shén me? you want to eat what?
¿Qué querés ver? 你 要 看 什 么？ nǐ yào kàn shén me? you want to see what?
¿Qué querés decir? 你 要 说 什 么？ nǐ yào shuō shén me? you want to say what?
¿Qué querés decirme? 你 要 告 诉 我 什 么？ nǐ yào gào sù wǒ shén me? you want to tell me what?
¿Qué querés hacer? 你 要 做 什 么？ nǐ yào zuò shén me? you want to do what?
¿Qué querés almorzar? 你 午 饭 要 吃 什 么 呢？ nǐ wǔ fàn yào chī shén me ne? you lunch want to eat what?
You can also move “Lunch” to the front. In Chinese, the conditions usually at the front.
呢 ne does not have actual meaning, but with this
呢 ne will sound kinder and closer to another side. Also it has a feeling express that you really want to know the answer. You can use
呢 ne in the end of Wh-questions.
5 tones in Chinese
In speaking Chinese, you have 5 tones that you need to pay attention. Because if you use the wrong tone, the word that you say is going to be another word with another meaning. So before you speak, you have to master the tones correctly. Please check out the following tricks:
The 1st tone
一 yī One
Think about the word Important, when you say ‘por’ part, you will use a flat high tone.
The 2nd tone
疑 yí Confuse
Think about a question “What???”, the tone goes from bottom level to high level.
The 3rd tone
椅 yǐ Chair
Think again the word Important, when you say ‘im’ part, you will use a flat low tone.
If you say a word with 2 of 3rd tone symbol, you need to change to 2nd tone for the first symbol. For example:
躺椅 tǎng yǐ Lounge chair
The 4th tone
易 yì Easy
Think about the answer “Yes!!!”, the tone goes from high level to bottom level.
The 5th tone
意 义 yì yi Make sense
The 5th tone is similar to the 1st tone but lower, and much shorter and lighter.
Remember that in any case whatever it’s a sentence or a question, you should always keep the same tone.
Accents in Spanish
If the word doesn’t have a written accent (
á é í ó ú) the default is:
- if it ends in n,s,a,e,i,o,u: the accent its in the second to last syllable (
quiero = quiéro)
- other letters: the accent is in the last syllable (
almorzar = almorzár)
Numbers 0 to 10
Cero, Uno, Dos, Tres, Cuatro, Cinco, Seis, Siete, Ocho, Nueve, Diez 零, 一, 二, 三, 四, 五, 六, 七, 八, 九, 十 líng, yī, èr, sān, sì, wǔ, liù, qī, bā, jiǔ, shí Zero, One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten
Numbers 11 to 19
In Chinese, the numbers are pretty easy to say. From 11 to 19, just simply combine
十 shí (10) with 1 to 9 to become 11 to 19.
Once, Doce, Trece, Catorce, Quince, Dieciséis, Diecisiete, Dieciocho, Diecinueve 十一, 十二, 十三, 十四, 十五, 十六, 十七, 十八, 十九 shí yī, shí èr, shí sān, shí sì, shí wǔ, shí liù, shí qī, shí bā, shí jiǔ Eleven, Twelve, Thirteen, Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen, Seventeen, Eighteen, Nighteen
Numbers 20, 21, 30, 31 to 90
In Chinese, to say 20, just simply combine 2 with 10 to become 20. To say 21, just simply combine 20 with 1. That’s it.
Veinte, Veintiuno, Treinta, Treinta y uno, Cuarenta, Cincuenta, Sesenta, Setenta, Ochenta, Noventa 二十, 二十一, 三十, 三十一, 四十, 五十, 六十, 七十, 八十, 九十 èr shí, èr shí yī, sān shí, sān shí yī, sì shí, wǔ shí, liù shí, qī shí, bā shí, jiǔ shí Twenty, Twenty one, Thirty, Thrity one, Fourty, Fifty, Sixty, Seventy, Eighty, Ninety
In Chinese, we have
百 bǎi Hundred,
千 qiān Thousand, and another special one
万 wàn 10 Thousand, and
亿 yì 100 million.
Here are some special rules in speaking Chinese.
- When you say 100, you say 1
yì(changed to 4th tone) +
- When you say 101, you say 100 + 0 + 1.
- When you say 110, you say 100 + 1 + 10 or 100 + 1.
- When you say 120, you say 100 + 2 or 100 + 20.
- When you say 1000, you say 1
yì(changed to 4th tone) +
- When you say 1001, you say 1000 + 0 + 1.
- When you say 1010, you say 1000 + 0 + 1 + 10.
- When you say 1020, you say 1000 + 0 + 20.
- When you say 1100, you say 1000 + 100
yī bǎior 1000 + 1.
- When you say 1110, you say 1000 + 100
yī bǎi+ 1 + 10.
- When you say 10,000, you say 1
- When you say 100,000,000, you say 1
- When you say 2 + 100/1000/10000/100000000, you say
两 liǎnginstead of
//TODO: Pending to add something
Try the followings
块 kuài means the Chinese Currency
¥CNY Yuan 元 yuán.
三 块 五 sān kuài wǔ CN¥ 3.5
Tiempo 时 间 / 时 候 shí jiān / shí hou Time
时间 shí jiān is more specific,
时候 shí hou is for a period of time.
点 diǎn means
o'clock or the sign ‘:’.
In Spanish, we use
y (and) to contect hour and minute.
a las cinco 五 点 wǔ diǎn at 5 o'clock
a las cinco y media 五 点 半 wǔ diǎn bàn at 5 o'clock half
a las cinco veinte 五 点 二 十 wǔ diǎn èr shí five o'clock twenty
a las cinco en punto 五 点 一 刻 wǔ diǎn yí kè five hour one quarter
a las cinco menos cuarto 差 一 刻 五 点 chà yí kè wǔ diǎn miss one quarter five o'clock
la mañana 上 午 shàng wǔ up noon (morning)
el mediodía 中 午 zhōng wǔ middle noon (noon)
In Chinese, you usually see 2 symbols with same meaning to make one word, that’s because we have many symbol with the same pronounciation, so to make them different, we have to combine another symbol to make words with different sound.
la tarde 下 午 xià wǔ under noon (afternoon)
la noche 晚 上 Wǎn shàng night early/up (in the evening)
la medianoche 夜 里 yè lǐ night inside (midnight)
[When / What time]
Cuándo 什 么 时 候 shén me shí hou at what time (when)
What time (ask for clear time)
a qué hora 什 么 时 间 shén me shí jiān at what time
What time (ask for specific hour)
Qué hora 几 点 jǐ diǎn What hour
¿Cuándo empezamos? 我 们 什 么 时 候 开 始？ wǒ men shén me shí hou kāi shǐ? We when start?