乐LÈ - Spanish Chinese Learning Course 1

修订 Credits: Ike MA, Miguel Galante

Updates:
- 26/10/2019 The first version.
- 6/11/2019 Added most of Spanish recording.

How to use it?

This page contains languages as the following order:

Spanish (Argentina)
Simplified Chinese Symbol
Pīnyīn (The pronounciation of Chinese)
English meaning matched for each Chinese word

Voice twice recorded by native speaker in Chinese.
Voice twice recorded by native speaker in Spanish.
Tips or comments will be displayed here.

Get ready? Please leave comments if you have any questions.


[Want]

Querer
要
yào
Want

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/want.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/want.aac

Quiero
我 要
wŏ yào
I  want

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/i-want.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/i-want.aac

Quiero almorzar
我 要    吃     午 饭
wŏ yào  chī    wǔ fàn
I  want to eat lunch

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/i-want-to-have-lunch.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/i-want-to-have-lunch.aac

Quiero empezar a aprender chino
我 要    开  始   学       中    文
wŏ yào  kaī shǐ  xué      zhōng wén
I  want to start learning Chinese

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/i-want-to-start-learning-chinese.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/i-want-to-start-learning-chinese.aac

Voy a aprender chino
我 要         学 习     中   文  了
wŏ  yào      xué xí   zhōng wén le
I'm going to learn    Chinese

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/im-going-to-learn-chinese.aac

yào with le in the end means the action after yào is going to be happend.

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/im-going-to-learn-chinese.aac

Even there are other ways of express a futre action, in Argentina we only use voy a (I'm going to) form of future.

Querés
你  要
nǐ  yào
You want

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/you-want.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/you-want.aac

This is an particular way of talking of Argentina. In other countries will use Quieres.

¿Querés almorzar?
你      要   吃     午 饭  吗?
nǐ     yào  chī    wǔ fàn ma?
Do you want to eat lunch?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/do-you-want-to-have-lunch.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/do-you-want-to-have-lunch.aac

Yes-no question

Chinese

In Chinese you just simply add 吗 ma in the end to transform a declarative sentence to yes-no question. The answer is simply to use the verb in the question, 要 yào (Yes, I want to) or 不 bù + the verb. But in this case it’s not very polite to directly say 不要 bú yào, in many cases 不要 bú yào means do not do something. So you could say 不了 bù le no (for this time) or 不用 bú yòng no (it’s not necessary).

The tricky thing here is that in speaking Chinese, actually pronounced (fourth tone), it means no and usually you can’t use it lonely, but if it combines with a fourth-tone symbol behind it, itself changed to (second tone).

不 要
bú yào
Do not (do this) / (I) don't want.

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/dont-want.aac

不 好
bù hǎo
No / It's not good

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/its-not-good.aac

Spanish

The afirmative sentense Querés almorzar (You want to lunch) it’s the same as the question form Querés almorzar?, just changes the tone of the frase.

¿Querés empezar a aprender chino?
你      要   开  始   学       中    文  吗?
nǐ     yào  kaī shǐ  xué      zhōng wén ma?
Do you want to start learning Chinese?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/do-you-want-to-start-learning-chinese.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/do-you-want-to-start-learning-chinese.aac

¿Vas a aprender chino?
你       要    学 习    中    文  了 吗?
nǐ      yào   xué xí   zhōng wén le ma?
Are you going to learn Chinese?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/want/are-you-going-to-learn-chinese.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/want/are-you-going-to-learn-chinese.aac

[Would like]

gustaría
想
xiǎng
would like

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/would-like/would-like.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/would-like/would-like.aac

te gustaría
你  想
nǐ  xiǎng
would you like

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/would-like/would-you-like.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/would-like/would-you-like.aac

me gustaría
我 想
wǒ xiǎng
I  would like

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/would-like/i-would-like.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/would-like/i-would-like.aac

te gustaría almorzar?
你  想          吃     午 饭  吗?
nǐ  xiǎng      chī    wǔ fàn ma?
You would like to eat lunch?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/would-like/would-you-like-to-have-lunch.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/would-like/would-you-like-to-have-lunch.aac

[What]

Qué
什么
shén me
What

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what.aac

¿Qué querés tomar?
你    要  喝        什  么?
nǐ   yào  hē       shén me?
you  want to drink what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-drink.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-drink.aac

¿Qué querés comer?
你    要   吃     什  么?
nǐ   yào  chī    shén me?
you  want to eat what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-eat.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-eat.aac

¿Qué querés ver?
你    要   看     什  么?
nǐ   yào  kàn    shén me?
you  want to see what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-see.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-see.aac

¿Qué querés decir?
你    要   说     什  么?
nǐ   yào  shuō   shén me?
you  want to say what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-say.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-say.aac

¿Qué querés decirme?
你    要   告  诉  我  什  么?
nǐ   yào  gào sù  wǒ shén me?
you  want to tell me what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-tell-me.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-tell-me.aac

¿Qué querés hacer?
你    要   做    什  么?
nǐ   yào  zuò   shén me?
you  want to do what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-do.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-do.aac

¿Qué querés almorzar?
你   午  饭   要   吃     什  么 呢?
nǐ   wǔ fàn yào  chī    shén me ne?
you  lunch  want to eat what?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/what/what-do-you-want-to-eat-for-lunch.aac

You can also move “Lunch” to the front. In Chinese, the conditions usually at the front.
Here 呢 ne does not have actual meaning, but with this 呢 ne will sound kinder and closer to another side. Also it has a feeling express that you really want to know the answer. You can use 呢 ne in the end of Wh-questions.

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/what/what-do-you-want-to-eat-for-lunch.aac

5 tones in Chinese

In speaking Chinese, you have 5 tones that you need to pay attention. Because if you use the wrong tone, the word that you say is going to be another word with another meaning. So before you speak, you have to master the tones correctly. Please check out the following tricks:

The 1st tone

一
yī
One

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/tones/yi1.aac

Think about the word Important, when you say ‘por’ part, you will use a flat high tone.

The 2nd tone

疑
yí
Confuse

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/tones/yi2.aac

Think about a question “What???”, the tone goes from bottom level to high level.

The 3rd tone

椅
yǐ
Chair

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/tones/yi3.aac

Think again the word Important, when you say ‘im’ part, you will use a flat low tone.
If you say a word with 2 of 3rd tone symbol, you need to change to 2nd tone for the first symbol. For example:

躺椅
tǎng yǐ
Lounge chair

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/tones/tang3yi3.aac

The 4th tone

易
yì
Easy

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/tones/yi4.aac

Think about the answer “Yes!!!”, the tone goes from high level to bottom level.

The 5th tone

意 义
yì yi
Make sense

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/tones/yi55.aac

The 5th tone is similar to the 1st tone but lower, and much shorter and lighter.
Remember that in any case whatever it’s a sentence or a question, you should always keep the same tone.

Accents in Spanish

If the word doesn’t have a written accent (á é í ó ú) the default is:

  • if it ends in n,s,a,e,i,o,u: the accent its in the second to last syllable (quiero = quiéro)
  • other letters: the accent is in the last syllable (almorzar = almorzár)

Numbers

Numbers 0 to 10

Cero, Uno, Dos, Tres, Cuatro, Cinco, Seis, Siete, Ocho, Nueve, Diez
零,   一,  二,   三,    四,   五,   六,   七,   八,     九,   十
líng, yī,  èr,  sān,   sì,   wǔ,   liù,  qī,   bā,    jiǔ,  shí
Zero, One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/0-10.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/numbers/0-10.aac

Numbers 11 to 19

In Chinese, the numbers are pretty easy to say. From 11 to 19, just simply combine 十 shí (10) with 1 to 9 to become 11 to 19.

Once,   Doce,   Trece,    Catorce,  Quince,  Dieciséis, Diecisiete, Dieciocho, Diecinueve
十一,   十二,    十三,     十四,      十五,    十六,      十七,        十八,      十九
shí yī, shí èr, shí sān,  shí sì,   shí wǔ,  shí liù,   shí qī,     shí bā,    shí jiǔ
Eleven, Twelve, Thirteen, Fourteen, Fifteen, Sixteen,   Seventeen,  Eighteen,  Nighteen

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/11-19.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/numbers/11-19.aac

Numbers 20, 21, 30, 31 to 90

In Chinese, to say 20, just simply combine 2 with 10 to become 20. To say 21, just simply combine 20 with 1. That’s it.

Veinte, Veintiuno,  Treinta, Treinta y uno, Cuarenta, Cincuenta, Sesenta,   Setenta,  Ochenta, Noventa
二十,   二十一,      三十,    三十一,         四十,     五十,       六十,      七十,     八十,     九十
èr shí, èr shí yī,  sān shí, sān shí yī,    sì shí,   wǔ shí,    liù shí,   qī shí,   bā shí,  jiǔ shí 
Twenty, Twenty one, Thirty,  Thrity one,    Fourty,   Fifty,     Sixty,     Seventy,  Eighty,  Ninety

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/20-90.aac

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/numbers/20-90.aac

Large numbers

Chinese
In Chinese, we have 百 bǎi Hundred, 千 qiān Thousand, and another special one 万 wàn 10 Thousand, and 亿 yì 100 million.

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/large-unit.aac

Here are some special rules in speaking Chinese.

  • When you say 100, you say 1 (changed to 4th tone) + bǎi Hundred.
  • When you say 101, you say 100 + 0 + 1.
  • When you say 110, you say 100 + 1 + 10 or 100 + 1.
  • When you say 120, you say 100 + 2 or 100 + 20.
  • When you say 1000, you say 1 (changed to 4th tone) + qiān Thousand.
  • When you say 1001, you say 1000 + 0 + 1.
  • When you say 1010, you say 1000 + 0 + 1 + 10.
  • When you say 1020, you say 1000 + 0 + 20.
  • When you say 1100, you say 1000 + 100 yī bǎi or 1000 + 1.
  • When you say 1110, you say 1000 + 100 yī bǎi + 1 + 10.
  • When you say 10,000, you say 1 + 万 wàn (1,0000).
  • When you say 100,000,000, you say 1 + 亿 yì (1,0000,0000).
  • When you say 2 + 100/1000/10000/100000000, you say 两 liǎng instead of 二 èr.

Spanish
//TODO: Pending to add something

Try the followings

  • 106
  • 528
  • 3019
  • 2500
  • 3,0109
  • 1,3000,1312
    Answers:

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/large-examples.aac

Dot

点
diǎn

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/dot.aac

块
kuài

块 kuài means the Chinese Currency ¥CNY Yuan 元 yuán.

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/kuai.aac

三   块  五
sān kuài wǔ
CN¥ 3.5

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/cny3-5.aac

The Time

Tiempo
时  间   /  时 候
shí jiān / shí hou
Time

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/time.aac

In Chinese, 时间 shí jiān is more specific, 时候 shí hou is for a period of time.

点
diǎn

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/numbers/dot.aac

In Chinese, 点 diǎn means o'clock or the sign ‘:’.

y
and

/assets/le-sound/es-ar/numbers/and.aac

In Spanish, we use y (and) to contect hour and minute.

For example:

a las cinco
五 点
wǔ diǎn
at 5 o'clock

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/5-00.aac

a las cinco y media
五 点         半
wǔ diǎn      bàn
at 5 o'clock half

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/5-30.aac

a las cinco veinte
五 点        二 十
wǔ diǎn      èr shí
five o'clock twenty

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/5-20.aac

a las cinco en punto
五 点     一 刻
wǔ diǎn   yí kè
five hour one quarter

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/5-15.aac

a las cinco menos cuarto
差   一 刻        五 点   
chà  yí kè       wǔ diǎn 
miss one quarter five o'clock

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/4-45.aac

la mañana
上    午
shàng wǔ
up  noon (morning)

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/morning.aac

el mediodía
中     午
zhōng  wǔ
middle noon (noon)

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/noon.aac

In Chinese, you usually see 2 symbols with same meaning to make one word, that’s because we have many symbol with the same pronounciation, so to make them different, we have to combine another symbol to make words with different sound.

la tarde
下    午
xià   wǔ
under noon (afternoon)

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/afternoon.aac

la noche
晚  上
Wǎn shàng
night early/up (in the evening)

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/night.aac

la medianoche
夜    里
yè    lǐ
night inside (midnight)

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/time/midnight.aac

[When / What time]

When

Cuándo
什   么  时  候
shén me shí hou
at what time (when)

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/when/when.aac

What time (ask for clear time)

a qué hora
什   么  时  间
shén me shí jiān
at what time

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/when/what-time.aac

What time (ask for specific hour)

Qué hora
几   点
jǐ   diǎn
What hour

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/when/what-hour.aac

¿Cuándo empezamos?
我 们   什   么 时  候   开 始?
wǒ men shén me shí hou kāi shǐ?
We     when             start?

/assets/le-sound/zh-cn/when/when-we-start.aac

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